SAR Europe convenes the European Coordinating Committee for Academic Freedom Advocacy. The Committee works towards greater integration of academic freedom within Europe’s higher education, research, and human rights systems, and encourages European states to take tangible action to promote and protect academic freedom nationally, regionally, and globally. Membership comprises a broad set of key actors, including representatives from human rights and related NGOs, universities, associations and higher education networks across Europe.
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Representative of SAR Greece
Andreas Takis is a lawyer and an assistant professor at the Law Faculty of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, where he teaches Jurisprudence and Legal Method. From 2015 until today, he is chairman of the Board of MOMus (Metropolitan Organization of Museums of Visual Arts, Thessaloniki). He has served as Secretary General of Immigration Policy of the Ministry of Interior (2009-2011) and Deputy Ombudsman, in charge of the Human Rights Department (2003-2009). Moreover, he was a special advisor to the Mayor of Thessaloniki on human rights issues (2015-2019), an alternate member of the Board of the Fundamental Rights Agency, Vienna (2012-2015) and an ex officio member of the National Commission for Human Rights (2003-2011). As a Council of Europe expert on human rights issues, he has participated in many missions to the Balkans and the former USSR. He has published several books, including “Law’s Moral Indifference” by Polis ed. (2004) and “For the Freedom of Art” by Savvalas ed. (2008), and has contributed many of his articles to the public. law, political theory, moral philosophy and philosophy of law.
Vice-Chair Higher Education and Research Standing Committee, Education International
Program Advisor, SAIH – Studentenes og Akademikernes Internasjonale Hjelpefond, Norway
Representative of SAR Norway
Christian Bull is a programme advisor in the Norwegian Students’ and Academics’ International Assistance Fund (SAIH). He is responsible for the organisation’s new initiative “Student Activist Academy” which aims to support student unions and movements to promote students’ rights and academic freedom by providing spaces for capacity building and networking, as well as to document students’ rights violations. Christian sits on the Scholars at Risk Norway section board. He has extensive experience with national and international advocacy work from his former employment as a policy advisor in SAIH. He has a MA from the University of Oslo in Social Anthropology, with a focus on forest conservation in the Amazon and the indigenous peoples’ movement in Bolivia.
Head of EU Office Front Line Defenders
Claire Ivers currently works as the Head of EU office at Front Line Defenders where she is responsible for leading and overseeing the organisation’s advocacy work in Europe and the Business and Human Rights programme. Prior to joining Front Line Defenders in July 2020, Claire worked for Human Rights Watch for over a decade in Brussels and subsequently established a human rights consultancy practice where she advised and led projects at the EU level for numerous organisations including Anti-Slavery International, the International Dalit Solidarity Network and Open Society’s European Policy Institute. She has also served as interim Executive Director of European Digital Rights. From Cork (Ireland) but now based in Brussels, Claire holds a Joint Honours degree in Law and French and an LLM in Public International Law.
Advocacy Director, Scholars at Risk
Clare Robinson is Advocacy Director at Scholars at Risk, where she leads SAR’s efforts to identify, report on, and respond to attacks on higher education communities worldwide. Ms. Robinson developed and oversees the organization’s Student Advocacy Seminars, faculty-led teams of students conducting advocacy on behalf of imprisoned scholars and students via the Scholars in Prison Project; and is responsible for research and advocacy around country-focused concerns relating to academic freedom. She holds an MA in Politics/International Relations from New York University, where she was founding editor of the NYU Department of Politics’ Journal of Political Inquiry. She was previously Public Information Officer in the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and is an active alumna of UCLA.
Associate Professor in Political Science and International relations, University of Padova, Italy
Representative of SAR Italy
Claudia Padovani is Associate Professor in Political Science and International Relations at the University of Padova (Italy) where she teaches master courses in Communication Governance and Communication Practices Diversity and Inclusion. Her main areas of interest concern the transformation of political processes in the global context and their connection to the evolution of communication processes and technologies, with a special focus on gender equality, communication rights and social justice. In relation to gender equality and communication issues, Padovani co-coordinates the UNESCO UniTWIN Network on Gender Media and ICT and is a member of the Global Alliance for Media and Gender (GAMAG) where she contributes positions papers and reports channeled at UN level. She is also an active member of the Digital Constitutionalism Network and of the Euromedia Research Group. Since 2016 Padovani has been actively involved in advocacy for academic freedom, promoting the University of Padua’s commitment to Scholars at Risk. She is one of the three coordinators of the Italian SAR section (established in 2019), where she chairs the Advocacy working group. Padovani is also one of the instructors of Padua Students’ Advocacy Seminars.
Associate Professor of Political Science, Linnaeus University (LNU), Sweden
Representative of SAR Sweden
Daniel Silander is Associate Professor of Political Science at Linnaeus University (LNU), Sweden, Research Leader for European Studies at the Department of Political Science at LNU, and representative at the Swedish Network of European Studies (SNES). Silander is also engaged as an independent researcher to the Swedish Agency for Youth and Civil Society. His research concerns the implementation of democratic rights and liberties, challenges to democratization, and international security. He is currently engaged in two projects on challenges to the consolidation of democracy in Kosovo and South Africa. His teaching and supervising include European Integration, EU and international security, foreign policy analysis, and democracy and dictatorship
Program Manager for the Mentoring Intercultural Learning through Study Abroad (MILSA), University of Bern, Switzerland
Representative of SAR Switzerland
Annie Cottier is an international officer at the University of Bern, where she is the coordinator of Scholars at Risk. She is also a member of the Steering Committee of SAR Switzerland. Annie studied and taught English literature, language and history at the University of Bern, wrote her doctorate in the field of cosmopolitan literature and now teaches intercultural learning to mobility students. She is also responsible for receiving international delegations and visits at the University of Bern.
Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law and Administration Warsaw University, Poland
Dorota Pudzianowska graduated in law and sociology. Currently, she is Associate Professor of Law at Warsaw University. She specializes in public law with special interest in human rights, migration law, nationality law and anti-discrimination law. She works at the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights in Warsaw where she leads strategic litigation of discrimination cases. She has represented clients before ECtHR eg. in a case concerning the lack of regulation of same-sex unions in Poland (Formela v Poland), She is a member of the Commission of Experts for Migrants in the Polish Ombudsman Office. In years 2008-2012, she was an alternate member of the Management Board of the EU Fundamental Rights Agency.
Lecturer in Politics and International Relations, University of Edinburgh, UK
Kasia Kaczmarska is a lecturer in Politics and International Relations at the School of Social and Political Science, the University of Edinburgh. Kasia researches knowledge construction among scholars and practitioners of international politics and the ways in which the socio-political context influences academic knowledge-making and use. She is the author of Making Global Knowledge in Local Contexts: The Politics of International Relations and Policy Advice in Russia (Routledge 2020). Prior to joining the University of Edinburgh, Kasia was Marie Sklodowska-Curie Fellow with a project enquiring into IR knowledge- and expertise production in non-democratic contexts.
Professor Liviu Matei, Head of the School of Education, Communication & Society and Professor of Higher Education and Public Policy at King’s College London.
Prior to joining King’s College London, Liviu was the Provost of Central European University and a Professor of Higher Education Policy. He taught at universities in Romania, Hungary and the U.S., consulted extensively in the area of higher education policy and conducted applied policy research projects for the World Bank, UNESCO, OSCE, the Council of Europe, the European Commission, and other international organizations (intergovernmental and non-governmental), national authorities and universities from Europe and Asia. He is a member of the Board of Trustees of the American University of Central Asia and serves on the editorial boards of the Internationalisation of Higher Education Journal and the European Journal of Higher Education. He studied philosophy and psychology at Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj, and Sociology of Higher Education at Bucharest University, Romania. He received his PhD from the latter. He benefited from fellowships at the Institut Supérieur de Formation Sociale et de Communication, Bruxelles, The New School for Social Research, Université Paris X Nanterre, Université de Savoie, the Salzburg Seminar and the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme. His primary areas of expertise include university governance, funding, internationalization of higher education, academic freedom and university autonomy, quality assurance.
Associate Professor, Maynooth University, Ireland (host of SAR Europe)
Representative of SAR Ireland
Dr Noelle Higgins is an Associate Professor in the Law Department at Maynooth University, Ireland. She currently teaches and researches in a variety of fields of public international law, including international human rights law, international criminal law and international humanitarian law. Her recent publications focus mainly on the field of cultural rights. She was previously the Vice-Chair of the Ethical, Political, Legal and Philosophical Studies Committee of the Royal Irish Academy in Ireland and a member of the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade – NGO Forum on Human Rights. She currently sits on the Advisory Committee of International Communities Organisation as an expert on the right to self-determination and she is an Academic Friend of the UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. She established a Scholars at Risk Clinic at Maynooth University in 2014, as part of which postgraduate students in the Law Department participate in SAR’s Academic Freedom Monitoring Programme.
Research Fellow at the Democracy and Democratization Unit at the WZB Berlin Social Science Center and a non-resident Fellow at the Global Public Policy institute (GPPi) in Berlin.
IIyas is currently pursuing his PhD at the Berlin Graduate School for Social Sciences at Humboldt University, where he investigates dynamics of contestation and regime response during the Arab Uprisings in 2011. For his data collection, he has conducted extensive fieldwork in Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia. After recognizing a lack of guidance on fieldwork safety in scholarly literature, together with a number of colleagues Ilyas co-authored the book: “Safer Fieldwork in the Social Sciences” and has taught many seminars and workshops on issues of fieldwork ethics, safety, data and communication security. During his research, Ilyas has been a visiting researcher at the European University Institute in Florence, at Oxford University’s Nuffield College and the American University in Cairo. Ilyas was also part of the team that developed the Academic Freedom index (AFi), the first time-series dataset providing near-global coverage on academic freedom. He also contributed to the GPPi policy report: “Free Universities. Putting the Academic Freedom Index Into Action” and the volume: “Researching Academic Freedom. Guidelines and Sample Case Studies”. He tweets @ilyas_saliba.
Executive Director, French National PAUSE programme, France
Laura Lohéac has been the Executive Director of the French national program in support of scholars in exile, the ‘Programme national d’Accueil en Urgence des Scientifiques en Exil’ (PAUSE) at Collège de France since May 2016. She was previously the advisor in charge of international solidarity actions at the office of the Secretary of State for Higher Education and Research, Thierry Mandon, where she established PAUSE. As an expert in international and strategic issues, Laura Lohéac held, in the 17 past years, several positions successively at the French General Secretariat for National Defence, at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as the advisor in charge of speeches for the Minister, at the Directorate General for International Relations and Strategy of the Ministry of Defence. Laura Lohéac is a graduate of the French Ecole Normale Supérieure, the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University and the Paris Institute of Political Studies.
Associate Analyst at the Eastern Europe Studies Centre, and a ReThink.CEE Fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States.
In 2013-2021, Maksimas worked at the European Humanities University, Vilnius-based Belarusian University-in-Exile, leading communications and development. By ensuring $16M+ of international donors’ support, 1400 young Belarusians have received indoctrination-free rigorous higher education during his tenure. He ensured sufficient financial support to over a hundred of students and scholars who were forced to leave Belarus and were provided an academic shelter at EHU in 2020/21. In a part-time capacity, Maksimas lectured early 20th-century Western European literature and the intellectual history of Vilnius to freshmen students. He is a frequent commentator on Belarus affairs for the international media and a host of the 10-episode documentary exploring the role of women in mobilizing the Belarusian society, broadcasted on the Lithuanian National TV and Radio. Recognizing his on-the-ground reporting from Belarus during the unfolding of the 2020 protests, Maksimas received the annual Titan award by Delfi, Lithuania’s largest media portal. Currently, Maksimas is a graduate student in European & Russian Studies at Yale.
Professor of Public International Law (migration and minority research) University Åbo Akademi University, Finland
Representative of SAR Finland
Magdalena Kmak is a Professor of Public International Law (with a specialization in migration and minority research) at the Faculty of Social Sciences, Business, and Economics, Åbo Akademi University. She is a Principal Investigator in the project Diversity, Trust and Two-Way Integration (Mobile Futures) funded by the Strategic Research Council (SRC) established within the Academy of Finland. Magdalena Kmak received her PhD in 2009 from the Institute of Law Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences. She holds the title of Docent in law and globalization (University of Helsinki). Her current research focuses on the multifaceted relationship between law and mobility, in particular in the context of global migration and minority regimes. Her research interests encompass mobility studies, migration and exile studies, history of migration, public international law, human rights and international and European refugee and migration law.
Deputy Secretary-General, European University Association
Monika has been Deputy Secretary-General of EUA since October 2021. In this role, she shares strategic oversight of different elements of EUA’s work and contributes to the Association’s organisational development, including the implementation of a new membership strategy. She also deputises for the Secretary General when necessary and leads EUA’s activities on academic freedom and university values. Monika has been with EUA since 2010, initially in the Governance, Autonomy and Funding unit where she implemented EUA’s flagship Autonomy Scorecard project. In 2012, she moved to the Secretary General’s office to support EUA leadership in overall policy development and association management. Prior to working at EUA, Monika gained experience in European education and research programmes at the Liaison Office of German Research Organisations (KoWi) and at the European Centre for Strategic Management of Universities (ESMU) in Brussels. Monika holds a PhD from University College London, an MSc from the London School of Economics, and a BA from the University of York.
Executive Committee Member, European Students’ Union
Matteo Vespa is a member of the Executive Committee of the European Students’ Union, which represents almost 20 million Higher Education students in the continent. Since 2016 he has been involved in the student movement at the local, national and European level. From 2018 to 2020 he was International Officer for UDU – Unione degli Universitari, Italian main student union. Matteo holds a Master’s degree in International and Diplomatic Sciences from the University of Bologna. He studies the political and party systems of the European Union and of India, on which he wrote a book (Europa e India: partiti a confronto, Edizioni Epoké, 2019). His main areas of work within ESU are: Public responsibility and financing of Higher Education; Fundamental values of the European Higher Education Area; Internationalisation and Mobility of Higher Education; European Universities Initiatives; Brain drain; Global engagement and solidarity. Matteo represents ESU within the SAR European Coordinating Committee for Academic Freedom Advocacy; within the SAR International Advisory Committee; within the Working Group on Fundamental Values of the Bologna Follow Up Group.
Ghent University Law Faculty, Belgium
Representative of SAR Flanders
Eva Brems is a Professor of Human Rights Law at Ghent University (Belgium), where she is the founder and director of the Human Rights Centre. In addition she is the promoter of the university-wide interdisciplinary Human Rights Research Network, aimed at research valorisation and impact. Eva publishes widely on many topics of human rights law, with a particular emphasis on the European Convention on Human Rights, issues of diversity, and cross-cutting themes from a holistic human rights perspective. Academic freedom is one of the topics that feature in the valorisation work of Eva and her students and team members, amongst others in third party interventions to the European Court of Human Rights and in the Human Rights Clinic for Master students. In addition to her academic work, prof. Brems is and has been active as a chair/board member in several Belgium-based human rights organisations (including as the chair of the Flemish section of Amnesty International 2006-2010), and as a member of the Belgian Parliament (2010-2014). She is currently (2021-2022) the chair of Belgium’s national human rights institution, the Federal Institute for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.
SAXO-Institute – Archaeology, Ethnology, Greek & Latin, History, JUR Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Representative of SAR Denmark
Helle Porsdam is Professor of Law and Humanities at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies of Law (CIS), Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen. She also holds a UNESCO Chair in Cultural Rights. Among her most recent scholarly work may be mentioned her monograph, The Transforming Power of Cultural Rights: A Promising Law and Humanities Approach, which was published by Cambridge University Press in 2019. She co-edited, with Sebastian Porsdam Mann, The Right to Science: Then and Now (Cambridge University Press, 2021) and her monograph, Science As a Cultural Human Right, will be published in the University of Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights Series in 2022.
Faculty of Law, Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey
Dr. Yaman Akdeniz is a Professor of Law at the Faculty of Law, Istanbul Bilgi University and one of the founders of the İfade Özgürlüğü Derneği, (İFÖD) a freedom of expression association. Akdeniz successfully applied twice to the Constitutional Court to overturn access blocking decisions involving Twitter and YouTube platforms from Turkey and more recently also was one of the successful applicants to overturn the Wikipedia blocking decision at the Constitutional Court level. Akdeniz also successfully challenged together with his colleagues the Turkish Government at the European Court of Human Rights with regards to the blocking of YouTube from Turkey.
Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum (EaP CSF), Belarusian National Platform
Sasha Kuzmich is an expert of the Belarusian Students’ Association, working in the field of higher education since 2015. She was BSA’s International Secretary in 2017-2019, representing the organisation in many institutions including ESU and EaP CSF. Sasha also works in cooperation with the Belarusian Independent Bologna Committee and works as a project manager in Association for LifeLong Learning and Enlightenment. Since 2020 Sasha is involved in work connected with repressions in Belarusian academy analysis and humanitarian support for Belarusian students. She has an MA in Sociology, Graduate School of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.
Executive Director, CARA (the Council for At-Risk Academics), UK
Stephen Wordsworth has been Executive Director of Cara (the Council for At-Risk Academics) since 2012. Cara, a UK charity established in 1933 as a rescue mission for academics fleeing from Nazi Germany, works with a network of 125 universities in the UK and a growing number elsewhere to rescue and support university-level teachers and researchers anywhere in the world who are suffering as a result of discrimination, persecution, violence and conflict. It also runs regional programmes to support academics who have been forced into local exile, or who are continuing to work on despite the risks. Before joining Cara, Stephen was a career member of the UK Diplomatic Service, where his last two posts were as Deputy Head of Mission in Moscow (2003-2005) and British Ambassador in Belgrade (2006-2010).